Waste Management

Nuclear power plants produce waste during the generation of electricity and these wastes must be managed in ways which protect human health and the environment and safeguard nuclear materials from potential theft and sabotage. Radioactive wastes are created during all stages of the nuclear fuel cycle. Prior to final disposal of waste in a geological repository, the waste can be treated to reduce its volume and/or toxicity.

Considerations in nuclear waste management include:

  • reprocessing
  • vitrification
  • transmutation
  • SYNROC (synthetic rock)
  • ion exchange